You may have heard of PON — but what does it mean and what does it do?
Simply put, a PON is a passive optical network. The “passive” in passive optical network means that there are no power requirements or active electronic parts in play as the signal goes through the network.
A passive optical network system brings optical fiber communications, including cabling and signals, to the end user. This means that a passive optical network could bring optical fiber communications to various terminus points. Options include fiber-to-the-curb, fiber-to-the-building, or fiber-to-the-home. Each type of passive optical network is set up for different scenarios; for instance, whether the end user is in a large office building requiring corporate technology solutions, or in a single-family residence needing optical fiber communications for personal access.
A passive optical network is set up with an optical line termination at the optical fiber communications company’s office, with optical network units near the end users. There may be as many as 32 optical network unites set up with a single optical line termination.
You may encounter many common types of passive optical network systems. The first is built on asynchronous transfer mode, called APON, later termed as broadband passive optical networks or BPON.
GPON is the successor to APON/BPON. This type of passive optical network is faster than its predecessors and the most common passive optical network for fiber-to-the-home.
Ethernet passive optical network, or EPON, rivals GPON in popularity. EPON uses ethernet technology making it less expensive, but it has yet to reach the same level of acceptance as GPON. It may become a more popular and supported passive optical network system in the future, but optical fiber communications experts are currently unsure of how it will factor into broadband access in the future.
Whether you need consumer access to communications, or corporate technology solutions, fiber networks are often a great solution for your needs. This technology is fast, sustainable, and durable, and it is relatively easy to get started with a passive optical network. Work with experts in optical fiber communications and cabling for a passive optical network, and you will be able to access and enjoy optical fiber communications in your home or business in no time at all.